Parousia (/pəˈruːziə/; Greek: παρουσία) is an ancient Greek word meaning presence, arrival, or official visit. It is used for appearing, as well as coming.
Understanding that there are two revealings, or appearances, of the Lord Jesus Christ in the context of the end times is another key that unlocks critical understanding of future events. Jesus is revealed once BEFORE the Great and Terrible Day of the Lord, and once at the END of the Great and Terrible Day of the Lord. Let’s examine the verses pertaining to each so that we can see that they are separate events.
The Revealing of Jesus BEFORE the Day of the Lord
And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth. And he went and took the scroll from the right hand of him who was seated on the throne. (Revelation 5:6-7)
When [the Lamb] opened the sixth seal, I looked, and behold, there was a great earthquake, and the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood, and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale. The sky vanished like a scroll that is being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place. Then the kings of the earth and the great ones and the generals and the rich and the powerful, and everyone, slave and free, hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains, calling to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb, for the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?” (Revelation 6:12-17)
The sky rolls back as a scroll to reveal the Third Heaven – the supernatural one where God resides. It appears that everyone on earth can see the face of Him who is seated on the throne, and the Lamb beside Him. They correctly identify that the events transpiring indicate that God’s wrath has come. The Lamb is not flanked by armies, nor is there a description of power or glory. The vision of God on His throne is more than terrifying enough to inspire all of humanity to collectively hide in terror.
At this revealing of Jesus Christ, He appears as a Lamb – the slain Lamb at the right hand of God that has taken the scroll and is worthy to open its’ seals. The reason He appears this way, is because He is actively opening the seals at this time!!! If you are wondering at this point why BELIEVERS would cower and hide in fear when the Lamb is revealed, you are doing well. The answer is, we don’t! When these signs begin, we will lift up our heads because we recognize that our redemption draws nigh (Luke 21:28)! Jesus will just call us up from there, with the trumpet voice of God. This is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world! The unbelievers ask “who can stand?” and the answer is those who are saved by grace through faith in Jesus Christ can stand! (Rev 7)
Just as man is appointed to die once, and after that to face judgment, so also Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many; and He will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who eagerly await Him. (Hebrews 9:28)
For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people, training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the present age, waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works. (Titus 2:11-14)
I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that day, and not only to me but also to all who have loved his appearing. (2 Timothy 4:7-8)
When Jesus appears this time, it is to bring salvation to those who are eagerly awaiting Him. This is our blessed hope, that we are to encourage one another with:
For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the archangel’s voice, and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are still alive will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air and so we will always be with the Lord. Therefore encourage one another with these words. (1 Thessalonians 4:15-17)
Although He appears (parousia), He doesn’t come down onto the earth. Instead, He meets us in the air and we go up into heaven together to be hidden from the time of wrath on earth (Isaiah 26). All earth dwellers respond in FEAR. They are taken by surprise.
The Revealing of Jesus at the END of the Day of the Lord
Before Jesus is revealed to the world again, I want to point out that we saw in Revelation 16 (Bowl 6 Judgment) that the nations of the world have gathered in and around Jerusalem specifically to fight Jesus. Three deceiving spirits will be sent forth from the “unholy trinity” of the dragon, beast, and false prophet to bring the nations together in rebellion against God. They are EXPECTING Jesus to show up, and they are preparing to do battle against Him.
The revelation of Jesus Christ at the End of the Day of the Lord is hardly the Lamb of God. No, at the end of the Day of the Lord, when He comes to put all nations under His feet He comes as a warrior-King flanked by His armies!
“Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory.“ (Matthew 24:30)
“Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.” (Revelation 19:11-16)
Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Even so. Amen.
And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and pleas for mercy, so that, when they look on me, on him whom they have pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child, and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over a firstborn. On that day the mourning in Jerusalem will be as great as the mourning for Hadad-rimmon in the plain of Megiddo. (Zechariah 12:10-11)
Jesus will appear at this time in power and great glory, flanked by the armies of heaven (His holy ones, including the previously resurrected/raptured/rewarded Bride of Christ). Those who have been deceived by the antichrist, particularly those of the house of Israel, will weep bitterly as the realization that they rejected their true Messiah drives into their heart like a knife. The truth will be painfully obvious to all at this time.
While the peoples of the earth had been collected in rebellion to FIGHT Jesus, when He shows up they will MOURN instead. The fact that they have been deceived will now be painfully obvious.
Jesus will descend and defeat those gathered against Him at the Battle of Armageddon. He will remain on the earth and set up His Messianic Kingdom. This completes the “Second Coming” of Jesus. The Great Tribulation (both Daniel’s 70th week and the Day of the Lord) comes to an end with Jesus appearing in power and glory, mounted on a white horse in the clouds of heaven.
When Jesus next appears, it will be as a Lamb. It will catch the world unawares. Only the earth will be shaking at this time (not the powers of the heavens). This appearance will mean salvation to those who are His true followers, who are about to be taken from the earth and received into heaven. This appearance will announce impending wrath to those who are left behind.
After an approximately 7 year period of wrath, Jesus will appear again.
When Jesus appears at that time, it will be as a warrior-King. The world will be expecting Him, and will have collected to do battle with Him. However, when He appears, they will realize they have been deceived and will mourn and wail. Jesus will defeat His enemies at the Battle of Armageddon as the 7th Bowl Judgment is poured out. Both the heavens and the earth will shake as Jesus defeats all the kingdoms of this world (supernatural and natural). (That study is HERE). This appearance will seal the fates of all who dwell on the earth and judgment will soon follow.
The Bible is infallible. I am not. Be a Berean – examine the scriptures for yourself to see if these things are so!